February 26, 2012

TEXT FROM:

ABC NEWS

'Timeline: The Black Lives Matter movement'

First posted 14 Jul 2016, 11:34am

Trayvon Martin is shot by neighborhood watch volunteer George Zimmerman

Trayvon Martin, 17, is fatally shot by neighborhood watch volunteer George Zimmerman on a visit to the convenience store to buy a drink and sweets.The teenager had been visiting his father's fiancé in Sanford, Florida, when he had an altercation with Zimmerman.Initially Zimmerman is not charged by Sanford Police. After a public outcry, Zimmerman is charged with second-degree murder and manslaughter.The Black Lives Matter movement officially starts when Zimmerman is later acquitted of murdering Martin.Zimmerman goes on to the sell the gun he used to shoot the teen for 250,000USD.

Trayvon Martin

George Zimmerman

November 23, 2012

TEXT FROM:

THE WASHINGTON POST

'Fla. ‘loud music’ murder: Firing into car full of teens playing rap music not ‘self-defense,’ court rules'

WRITTEN BY ByJasper Scherer

PUBLISHED ON November 18, 2016 at 5:59 p.m. GMT+9

Jordan Davis is shot at a gas station in Jacksonville, Florida

It was the day after Thanksgiving 2012 when Michael Dunn pulled into a Jacksonville, Fla., gas station and parked his Volkswagen Jetta next to a red Dodge Durango. Dunn, now 49, was headed back to his hotel after attending his son’s wedding reception with his fiancee, who went into the gas station store to pick up a bottle of white wine.Loud rap music blared from the Durango, and Dunn, who is white, asked the four black teenagers inside, including 17-year-old Jordan Davis, to turn down the volume. An argument ensued, and Dunn grabbed the 9 mm pistol in his glove compartment, firing 10 shots at the Durango. Davis, struck in the back and groin, was killed.A jury found Dunn guilty of first-degree murder in October 2014.

JORDAN DAVIS

Michael Dunn

November 2, 2013

TEXT FROM:

WIKIPEDIA

'Murder of Renisha McBride'

Renisha McBride is shot dead in Detroit after a car accident

Renisha McBride, 19, knocks on the door of Theodore Wafer's home in the early hours of the morning after she is involved in a car crash in Detroit, Michigan.Wafer fatally shoots her through his door.The case initially stirs racial tensions because Wafer is white and McBride was black. Her supporters rally in Detroit after her death and online activists launch a campaign for justice.Wafer receives a 17-year sentence for a raft of charges which includes second-degree murder and manslaughter.

RENISHA MCBRIDE

Theodore Wafer

July 17, 2014

TEXT FROM:

ABC NEWS

'Timeline: The Black Lives Matter movement'

First posted 14 Jul 2016, 11:34am

'I can't breathe' - Eric Garner is choked to death on Staten Island, New York

Eric Garner, 43, is killed by NYPD officer Daniel Pantaleo after being put in a chokehold on the side of the road.A bystander films the footage of the 43-year-old father gasping for air and saying "I can't breathe" before turning limp.The phrase becomes a key part of the Black Lives Matter movement.Protests erupt in New York after a grand jury fails to indict the officer.

Eric Garner

Daniel Pantaleo

August 5, 2014

TEXT FROM:

ABC NEWS

'Timeline: The Black Lives Matter movement'

First posted 14 Jul 2016, 11:34am

John Crawford III is killed by police at a Walmart in Ohio

John Crawford III, 22, is shot dead by police after being seen with a toy gun, which he picked up in the store.He and his girlfriend were at the Walmart store in Beavercreek, Ohio, to pick up crackers, marshmallows and chocolate bars for a family gathering.

JOHN CRAWFORD III

SEAN WILLIAMS

August 9, 2014

TEXT FROM:

ABC NEWS

'Timeline: The Black Lives Matter movement'

First posted 14 Jul 2016, 11:34am

Unarmed teenager Michael Brown is killed in Ferguson, Missouri

Unarmed teenager Michael Brown is killed by officer Darren Wilson outside of an apartment complex in Ferguson, Missouri.Just two days later on August 11, Ezell Ford, who according to his family has a mental disability, is killed by Los Angeles police officers while walking in the street.An autopsy shows Ford had been shot in the back at close range.A state of emergency is declared in Missouri after protests turn violent.

MICHAEL BROWN

DARREN WILSON

October 20, 2014

TEXT FROM:

ABC NEWS

'Timeline: The Black Lives Matter movement'

First posted 14 Jul 2016, 11:34am

Laquan McDonald is killed by officer Jason Van Dyke in Chicago

Laquan McDonald, 17, is shot 16 times in 13 seconds by police officer Jason Van Dyke after he refuses to drop a three-inch knife in Chicago, Illinois.Dash-cam footage of the incident is released by officials on November 24, 2015, prompting hundreds to protest.Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel fires the city's police superintendent Garry McCarthy over his handling of the shooting.Van Dyke is charged with murder.

LAQUAN MCDONALD

JASON VAN DYKE

November 23, 2014

TEXT FROM:

ABC NEWS

'Timeline: The Black Lives Matter movement'

First posted 14 Jul 2016, 11:34am

Tamir Rice is shot by a police officer after carrying a toy gun in Ohio

Tamir Rice, 12, is seen pointing a gun at random people Cleveland, Ohio. A call is made to police. The caller says the gun is "probably fake", but the information is not relayed to the attending officers.Within seconds of arriving on the scene, police officer Timothy Loehmann fires two shots, hitting Rice in the torso. Rice dies the next day.A Cleveland grand jury declines to bring charges against Loehmann and his partner Frank Garmback.A month later, two New York Police officers are shot dead in an ambush on December 20 in Brooklyn following protests.

Tamir Rice

Timothy Loehmann

April 12, 2015

TEXT FROM:

WIKIPEDIA

'Death of Freddie Gray'

Death of Freddie Gray

On April 12, 2015, Freddie Carlos Gray Jr., a 25-year-old black man, was arrested by the Baltimore Police Department and subsequently charged for possessing a knife. While being transported in a police van, Gray fell into a coma and was taken to the R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center. Gray died on April 19, 2015; his death was ascribed to injuries to his spinal cord. On April 21, 2015, pending an investigation of the incident, six Baltimore police officers were suspended with pay. The circumstances of the injuries were initially unclear; eyewitness accounts suggested that the officers involved used unnecessary force against Gray during the arrest—a claim denied by all officers involved.

FREDDIE GRAY

six Baltimore police officers

November 16, 2015

TEXT FROM:

ABC NEWS

'Timeline: The Black Lives Matter movement'

First posted 14 Jul 2016, 11:34am

Jamar Clark is shot by police in Minneapolis

Jamar Clark, 24, is shot in the head by police, with some witnesses claiming he was handcuffed at the timeThe Black Lives Matter movement protests outside the Fourth Precinct police station for 18 days.No charges are filed against police officers Mark Ringgenberg and Dustin Schwarze.

JAMAR CLARK

Mark Ringgenberg and Dustin Schwarze

November 20, 2015

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WIKIPEDIA

'Shooting of Akai Gurley'

Shooting of Akai Gurley

Few days after the death of Jamar Clark, Akai Gurley was fatally shot by a New York City Police Department officer. Two police officers, patrolling stairwells in the New York City Housing Authority's Louis H. Pink Houses in East New York, Brooklyn, entered a pitch-dark, unlit stairwell, one of them, Officer Peter Liang, 27, with his firearm drawn. Gurley and his girlfriend entered the seventh-floor stairwell, fourteen steps below them. The shooting was declared an accidental discharge; the bullet ricocheted off the wall and Gurley was fatally struck once in the chest.On February 10, 2015, Liang was indicted by a grand jury for manslaughter, assault, and other criminal charges after grand jury members were shown footage of the unlit Pink house, and passed around the 9mm Glock used in the shooting, testing the possibility of equipment failure - concluding that the 11.5-pound trigger could not have been fired unintentionally.

AKAI GURLEY

Peter Liang

July 5, 2016

TEXT FROM:

ABC NEWS

'Timeline: The Black Lives Matter movement'

First posted 14 Jul 2016, 11:34am

ALton Sterling is shot five times in the chest at close range by police

Two videos capture the moment Alton Sterling, 37, is pinned down to the ground and shot five times in the chest at close range by police outside a convenience store at Baton Rouge, Louisiana.Police call for calm after major protests kick off in Baton Rouge after the video is released.Federal authorities say they will handle the investigation, led by the Department of Justice's civil rights division.

ALTON STERLING

Blane Salamoni

July 6, 2016

TEXT FROM:

WIKIPEDIA

'SHOOTING OF PHILANDO CASTILE'

Shooting of Philando Castile

Philando Castile, a 32-year-old African American man, was stopped while driving and fatally shot by Jeronimo Yanez, a 29-year-old Hispanic-American police officer from St. Anthony, Minnesota.Castile was driving with his partner Diamond Reynolds and her four-year-old daughter when at 9:00 p.m. their vehicle was pulled over by Yanez and another officer in Falcon Heights, a suburb of Saint Paul, Minnesota. After being asked for his license and registration, Castile told Officer Yanez that he had a firearm, to which Yanez replied, "Don't reach for it then", and Castile said "I'm, I, I was reaching for..." Yanez said "Don't pull it out", Castile replied "I'm not pulling it out", and Reynolds said "He's not..." Yanez repeated "Don't pull it out" and then shot at Castile at close range seven times, hitting him five times. Castile died at 9:37 p.m. at Hennepin County Medical Center, about 20 minutes after being shot.

Philando Castile

Jeronimo Yanez

July 22, 2016

TEXT FROM:

ABC NEWS

'Timeline: The Black Lives Matter movement'

First posted 14 Jul 2016, 11:34am

Charles Kinsey is shot while trying to help patient with autism

Unarmed black man Charles Kinsey is shot and injured in Miami while lying on the ground with his arms raised in the air and pleading with officers to hold their fire.Mr Kinsey's leg was injured in the incident, which came as he tried to help a disoriented autistic man who had wandered away from a group home where Mr Kinsey works as a behavioural therapist.Mobile phone footage showed Mr Kinsey on the ground with his arms in the air, with the young autistic man sitting on the ground nearby playing with a small white toy.

CHARLES KINSEY

Jonathan Aledda

May 25, 2020

TEXT FROM:

WIKIPEDIA

'Killing of George Floyd'

Killing of George Floyd

On May 25, 2020, George Perry Floyd, a black man, was killed in the Powderhorn community of Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States. During an arrest, Derek Chauvin, a white American police officer, kept his knee on the side of Floyd's neck for almost nine minutes while Floyd was handcuffed and lying face down. During the last three minutes, Floyd was motionless. 


The criminal complaint filed later said that based on body camera footage, Floyd repeatedly said he could not breathe while standing outside the police car, resisted getting in the car and intentionally fell down; then, after Chauvin placed his knee, Floyd said "I can't breathe" multiple times and repeatedly said, "Mama" and "please". 


The two autopsies conducted on Floyd concluded that he died by homicide. The Hennepin County medical examiner's autopsy found that Floyd died from cardiac arrest while being restrained by officers who had employed "neck compression", also noting "arteriosclerotic and hypertensive heart disease. An independent autopsy commissioned by Floyd's family found that the "evidence is consistent with mechanical asphyxia as the cause" of death, with neck compression restricting blood flow to the brain, and back compression restricting breathing.

George Perry Floyd

Derek Chauvin